Oaxaca State is situated in the South-eastern part of the Mexico; the state of Oaxaca is bordered on the north by the states of Veracruz and Puebla, to the east by Chiapas, to the west by Guerrero, and to the south by the Pacific Ocean, Oaxaca has an area of 95,364 km².
The large valleys of the state are placed between the Sierra Madre del Sur and the Sierra Madre de Oaxaca. Oaxaca is the name of both a state in Mexico and that state's capital city. The name of the state in addition to the capital City, "Oaxaca" proceeds from the Nahuatl word "Huaxacac" (huaxin-a type of squash, yacatl-nose), meaning "in the nose of the squash." it borders on the North with Veracruz and Puebla, Chiapas on the East, Guerrero on the West and the Pacific Ocean on the South.
Oaxaca has a pleasing sub-tropical weather and the tranquillity of distant places catch the attention of most tourists to the Oaxaca Valley. It has peaks almost 10,000 feet (more than 3,000 metres) high, virgin beaches, caverns among the deepest in the world, hidden jungles, and luminous valleys that house populations where, people of all cultures who once lived in its middle come jointly.
The State of Oaxaca is the most varied state in Mexico and is the historic dwelling of the Zapotec and Mixtec peoples and the fourteen other ethnic groups still existent in its culture and traditions. Also Oaxaca is home of Mexico's most famous heroes, President Benito Juárez, came from the Oaxacan village of San Pablo Guelatao. Other renowned Oaxacans include Rufino Tamayo, Porfirio Diaz, José Vasconcelos, Francisco Toledo, María Sabina, J. Alberto Canseco Díaz, Major League Baseball player Vinicio Castilla, chemical engineer Marco Rito-Palomares and several other writers, artists and statesmen.
The city of Oaxaca is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of the same name (formally: Oaxaca de Juárez, in honor of 19th-century president and national hero Benito Juárez, who was born nearby). It is located in the Oaxaca Valley in the Sierra Madre del Sur Mountains, at 17°05'N 96°45'W near the geographic center of the state, and at an altitude of about 1550 m (5000 feet).
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